文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2017-04-27 07:52 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
It's funny for you, isn't it?
Twenty years ago, in the last months of her life, my mother campaigned to draw attention to the horrific and indiscriminate impact of landmines1. She visited affected3 areas such as Huambo in Angola and Travnik in Bosnia. She heard how people in these communities lived in constant fear that each step may be their last. She met with those who had suffered life changing injuries as a result of anti-personnel mines, she listened to their stories, and helped share them with the world.
At the time, the attention my mother brought to this issue wasn't universally popular; some believed she had stepped over the line into the arena4 of political campaigning - but for her, this wasn't about politics; it was about people. She was an advocate for all those who she felt needed her voice most: whether it be marginalised men dying of AIDS in East London, ostracized5 sufferers of leprosy in India, or the teenage girl who had lost her leg to a landmine2 in Angola. She knew she had a big spotlight6 to shine, and she used it to bring attention on the people that others had forgotten, ignored or were too afraid to support.
My mother had been shocked and appalled7 by the impact that landmines were having on incredibly vulnerable people and on children in particular. She didn't understand why more people were not willing to address the cause of so much suffering. She refused to accept that these destructive weapons should be left where they were, just because they were perceived as too expensive and difficult to remove.
In June 1997 at a seminar organised by Mines Advisory8 Group and the Landmine Survivors9 Network, my mother said in a speech -
‘Even if the world decided10 tomorrow to ban these weapons, this terrible legacy11 of mines already in the earth would continue to plague the poor nations of the Globe. The evil that men do, lives after them…'
Ken12 Rutherford, who is here with us this evening, was working for a humanitarian13 organisation14 in Somalia when he lost both his legs to a landmine. Ken opened a landmine survivor's project in Bosnia with my mother and, in my mind, sums up her contribution to this cause perfectly15.
He says that… ‘she transformed landmines from a security issue into a humanitarian issue.'
I know if my mother was here with us today, she wouldn't be willing to accept any credit for the fact that the Ottawa Treaty was signed by 122 states in the same year as her visits to Angola and Bosnia. Rather, she would have applauded the public outrage16 and the resolve of those in positions of power to end the indiscriminate killing17 of civilians18. She would have applauded that, in a moment of global conscience, the Treaty put humanitarian, not military, considerations at its heart.
There is no question that a huge amount has been achieved in the last 20 years - landmines remain politically toxic19 weapons in the eyes of people around the world; vast government stockpiles have been destroyed; and production of these weapons by the world's arms producers has all but ceased.
Additionally, thanks to the bravery and dedication20 of the teams from MAG, The Halo Trust, Norwegian People's Aid, Danish Demining Group and others; 27 Countries have been declared mine-free and out of the 30 countries deemed to have massive scale contamination in the 1990's, thankfully only a handful remain in this perilous21 position.
The contribution of these demining organisations cannot be overstated; if you were to retrace22 my mother's footsteps through Huambo in Angola today, you would see no danger signs and have no need for a helmet or body armour23. Where the land was once contaminated with deadly explosives, there is now a thriving community, with a small college and a workshop making wooden furniture.
It is right that we should celebrate the huge progress which has been made, thanks to the difficult and dangerous work of the field teams, the dedication of all those who support them and the tremendous financial support, especially from the governments of the United States, Japan, Norway, Germany, Netherlands, the EU and our own government here in the UK. But in marking how far we have come, we must also acknowledge that there is much more which needs to be done to fulfil the commitments of the Ottawa Treaty.
It is estimated that 60 million people still live in fear from the threat of landmines. In 2015, global deaths and injuries from landmines reached a ten-year high; but perhaps more shocking is the fact that almost 80% of them were civilians. It is typically the most vulnerable who are at the greatest risk; those attempting to rebuild their lives or returning home after conflict, where food is in short supply and medical services are often limited.#p#分頁標題#e#
Families trying to meet their basic needs for survival - growing crops, gathering24 wood or collecting water - are facing unacceptable risks in their daily lives. In fact, somewhere in the world right now, a parent is making the grimmest of choices: to risk cultivating mine-contaminated land or to let their family starve. That is no choice at all.
Last September, not far from Kuito Angola, an area my Mother also visited, a young boy found an landmine and took it home. What he mistook for a toy killed him and eight members of his family.
Such tragedies undermine the promises made by the world twenty years ago; too many communities remained shackled25 in a cycle of poverty and fear. But it doesn't need to be this way. With the renewed focus this anniversary demands, we should celebrate MAG and HALO's joint26 commitment to ‘finishing the job' and use their example to bring other organisations into this collaboration27.
I have seen first-hand the work of demining field teams in Cahora Bassa, Mozambique and Cuito Cuanavale, Angola and can attest28 to their discipline, expertise29 and determination. MAG and HALO alone have a combined workforce30 of 9,000 people - almost all from mine-affected communities. They, and other organisations, have the knowledge, experience and capability31 to realise the Treaty's vision by 2025 or sooner.
It would take just an additional £100m each year until 2025 - the cost of a star signing for some professional football teams - to clear the world's most affected countries of landmines; countries such as Afghanistan, Cambodia and Sri Lanka, where the debris32 from bygone wars denies men and women the ability to cultivate their land, feed their children and rebuild their lives.
I applaud the Secretary of State and our government for their bold commitment to supporting this vital work with additional funding. I hope this example will be seen by the international community as a reminder33 of the commitments made in 1997 and that other countries will redouble their efforts. Newcomers are encouraged and welcomed to join this movement. The sooner we are able to clear all remaining landmines, the less chance there is of innocent lives being lost or changed forever.
I would like to end by briefly34 introducing two people to you all. As I mentioned earlier, in August 1997, my mother travelled to Bosnia with Ken Rutherford. When she was there, she met two young boys - one Muslim, one Serbian - who had both lost legs to landmines. She shared their stories with the world, and helped campaigners - many of whom are in this room - to change history.
Those two young boys, Malic and Žarko, are now grown men and are with us today. 20 years on, they both still struggle with their physical and emotional injuries and with the high costs of replacing their prosthetics.
When my mother said goodbye to Žarko that August, just weeks before her untimely death, she told him he would not be forgotten. Please help me keep her word to Žarko and Malic, and other people like them throughout the world, who still need us to finish the job and rid the planet of landmines. Collectively, we have the knowledge, the skill, and resources to achieve it, so let's make future generations proud and finish what we started.
Thank you.


1 landmines 2c28fd83ea31641be43b9b7fb10c8f48     
潛在的沖突; 地雷,投傘水雷( landmine的名詞復數 )
  • The treaty bans the use production and trade of landmines. 該條約規定,禁止使用地雷相關產品及貿易。
  • One of the weapon's of special concern was landmines. 在引起人們特別關注的武器中就有地雷。
2 landmine landmine     
  • A landmine is a kind of weapon used in war.地雷是一種運用于戰爭的武器。
  • The treaty bans the use,production and trade of landmine.那條約禁止使用生產和交易雷。
3 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假裝對我們的課題感到興趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的態度不自然。
4 arena Yv4zd     
  • She entered the political arena at the age of 25. 她25歲進入政界。
  • He had not an adequate arena for the exercise of his talents.他沒有充分發揮其才能的場所。
5 ostracized ebf8815809823320b153d461e88dad4b     
v.放逐( ostracize的過去式和過去分詞 );流放;擯棄;排斥
  • He was ostracized by his colleagues for refusing to support the strike. 他因拒絕支持罷工而受到同事的排斥。
  • The family were ostracized by the neighborhood. 鄰居們都不理睬那一家人。 來自《現代英漢綜合大詞典》
6 spotlight 6hBzmk     
  • This week the spotlight is on the world of fashion.本周引人矚目的是時裝界。
  • The spotlight followed her round the stage.聚光燈的光圈隨著她在舞臺上轉。
7 appalled ec524998aec3c30241ea748ac1e5dbba     
v.使驚駭,使充滿恐懼( appall的過去式和過去分詞)adj.驚駭的;喪膽的
  • The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之殘暴使公眾大為震驚。
  • They were appalled by the reports of the nuclear war. 他們被核戰爭的報道嚇壞了。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
8 advisory lKvyj     
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家醫院做過顧問工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上個月獲任命為顧問委員會委員。
9 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,殘存者,生還者( survivor的名詞復數 )
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 緊緊抓住救生筏的幸存者
10 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
11 legacy 59YzD     
  • They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left.它們是我們祖先留下來的最寶貴的文化遺產。
  • He thinks the legacy is a gift from the Gods.他認為這筆遺產是天賜之物。
12 ken k3WxV     
  • Such things are beyond my ken.我可不懂這些事。
  • Abstract words are beyond the ken of children.抽象的言辭超出小孩所理解的范圍.
13 humanitarian kcoxQ     
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她擁有很多慈善事業,并作了很大的貢獻。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英國政府現已暫停對這一地區的人道主義援助。
14 organisation organisation     
  • The method of his organisation work is worth commending.他的組織工作的方法值得稱道。
  • His application for membership of the organisation was rejected.他想要加入該組織的申請遭到了拒絕。
15 perfectly 8Mzxb     
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.證人們個個對自己所說的話十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我們做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
16 outrage hvOyI     
  • When he heard the news he reacted with a sense of outrage.他得悉此事時義憤填膺。
  • We should never forget the outrage committed by the Japanese invaders.我們永遠都不應該忘記日本侵略者犯下的暴行。
17 killing kpBziQ     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投資者準備清倉以便大賺一筆。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上個周我兄弟在華爾街賺了一大筆。
18 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名詞復數 ); 老百姓
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 對無辜平民的血腥屠殺
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轟炸襲擊之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
19 toxic inSwc     
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.這家工廠意外泄漏大量有毒廢物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化學物質可能會進入大氣層。
20 dedication pxMx9     
  • We admire her courage,compassion and dedication.我們欽佩她的勇氣、愛心和奉獻精神。
  • Her dedication to her work was admirable.她對工作的奉獻精神可欽可佩。
21 perilous E3xz6     
  • The journey through the jungle was perilous.穿過叢林的旅行充滿了危險。
  • We have been carried in safety through a perilous crisis.歷經一連串危機,我們如今已安然無恙。
22 retrace VjUzyj     
  • He retraced his steps to the spot where he'd left the case.他折回到他丟下箱子的地方。
  • You must retrace your steps.你必須折回原來走過的路。
23 armour gySzuh     
  • His body was encased in shining armour.他全身披著明晃晃的甲胄。
  • Bulletproof cars sheathed in armour.防彈車護有裝甲。
24 gathering ChmxZ     
  • He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他請懷特先生在集會上講話。
  • He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于為他的小說收集資料。
25 shackled 915a38eca61d93140d07ef091110dab6     
給(某人)帶上手銬或腳鐐( shackle的過去式和過去分詞 )
  • The hostage had been shackled to a radiator. 當時人質被銬在暖氣片上。
  • He was shackled and in darkness of torment. 他被困在黑暗中備受煎熬。
26 joint m3lx4     
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我們聯名寫了封信。
27 collaboration bW7yD     
  • The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.這兩家公司密切合作。
  • He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敵而被槍斃了。
28 attest HO3yC     
  • I can attest to the absolute truth of his statement. 我可以證實他的話是千真萬確的。
  • These ruins sufficiently attest the former grandeur of the place. 這些遺跡充分證明此處昔日的宏偉。
29 expertise fmTx0     
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我們贊嘆不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.讓你真正在專業技術上有一個全新的突破。
30 workforce workforce     
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.勞動人口中一大部分受雇于農業。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地勞動力中有四分之一失業。
31 capability JsGzZ     
  • She has the capability to become a very fine actress.她有潛力成為杰出演員。
  • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability.組織整個部門是他能力以外的事。
32 debris debris     
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轟炸之后到處瓦礫成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.細菌附著在牙縫中的食物殘渣上,導致蛀牙。
33 reminder WkzzTb     
  • I have had another reminder from the library.我又收到圖書館的催還單。
  • It always took a final reminder to get her to pay her share of the rent.總是得發給她一份最后催繳通知,她才付應該交的房租。
34 briefly 9Styo     
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想簡單地談一下這個問題的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一個恐怖組織綁架并短暫拘禁。
TAG標簽: world football vision
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